Monuments in Madrid
PUERTA DE ALCALÁ
It is one of the symbols of Madrid, one of the images of Madrid that appears most often in its postcards, one of its hallmarks. The current Puerta de Alcala in Plaza de la Independencia was built as a triumphal arch to commemorate the arrival of Charles III to the capital. It was built on the site of a previous gate that had been the entrance to the city from Aragon’s road.
This gate was built between 1769 and 1778 and has five arches, three semicircular arches in the centre and two shorter lateral trabeated arches that were used in the past as pedestrian gates.
PUERTA DE TOLEDO
Situated in the square of Puerta de Toledo and with a height of 19m, this monument was started in 1812 under the direction of architect Antonio Lopez Aguado, following orders from Jose Bonaparte.
In 1813, after the French invaders left the country, the Council of Madrid decided to use it to welcome the king Ferdinand VII, as can be seen on the frieze under the main sculptures.
Inaugurated in 1827, it was the main entrance to the city from the Royal Road from Andalusia.
It is one of the internationally known symbols of the city of Madrid. In this beautiful fountain, that gives its name to the square, the goddess Cybele, symbol of the Earth, agriculture and fecundity, is sitting on a chariot pulled by lions.
The Spanish architect Ventura Rodriguez was in charge of this project between the years of 1777 and 1782. As an anecdote, this fountain was originally designed to be placed in the gardens of the San Ildefonso Farm in Segovia.